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Simple and Complex Machines

Creativity and innovation has been, and continues to be, the foundation to improving human life. Explore how innovation has led to the creation of simple and complex machines and understanding how these have contributed to the advancements in technology.

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Grade 1

Program Features:

After observing some implements found in a farming environment, students will test which tools are best used for certain jobs. Students will also look at the qualities that make some materials better for some jobs than others. For example, try moving straw with a shovel, then with a pitchfork.

Curriculum Connections

Subject: Science and Technology
Unit: Understanding Structures and Mechanisms: Materials, Objects and Everyday Structures

  • Investigate structures that are built for a specific purpose to see how their design and materials suit the purpose
  • Demonstrate an understanding that objects and structures have observable characteristics and are made from materials with specific properties that determine how they are used

Grade 2

Program Features:

Students will focus on how simple machines help objects move from one place to another, and how these machines make our lives easier. Students will learn about the six types of simple machines (e.g. levers, pulleys, or inclined planes etc.) during this program. Students will also participate in various activities to help them see the different types of simple machines in everyday objects (e.g. heavy loads like a bale of straw can be lifted using less energy with pulley systems).

Curriculum Connections

Subject: Science and Technology
Unit: Understanding Structures and Mechanisms: Movement

  • Investigate mechanisms that include simple machines and enable movement
  • Demonstrate an understanding of movement and ways in which simple machines help to move objects

Grade 3

Program Features:

Students will have the opportunity to explore various structures on our property. Students will learn how structure, strength, and stability affect each building and what elements affect the various structures. Students will then be given the challenge of building their own structures (e.g. materials can include: sticks, straws, tape, glue etc.). If students complete the project, their structures will be tested.

Curriculum Connections

Subject: Science and Technology
Unit: Understanding Structures and Mechanisms: Strong and Stable Structures

  • Investigate strong and stable structures to determine how their design and materials enable them to perform their load-bearing function
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the concepts of structure, strength, and stability and the factors that affect them

Grade 4

Program Features:

Students will review the purpose of simple machines and focus specifically on where we find pulleys and gears in our buildings and displays. They will use examples of pulleys and gears to make the tasks they’ve been assigned easier. Students will visit various buildings to view a clear example as to how simple machines have helped progress technology. Once students have seen pulleys and gears in action they will design their own pulley and gear circuit. They will present their circuits to the class and explain their choices of materials and placement.

Curriculum Connections

Subject: Science and Technology
Unit: Understanding Structures and Mechanisms: Pulleys and Gears

  • Investigate ways in which pulleys and gears modify the speed and direction of, and the forces exerted on, moving objects
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the basic principles and functions of pulley and gear systems

Grade 5

Program Features:

Students will review some of the forces that have an effect on structures and mechanisms (wind, hurricanes, earthquakes, etc.) and use this information to devise a solution to a wind or water erosion scenario. They will theorize what changes need to be made in order to reduce the negative impact forces have on their building or structure. Students will test their devices and record data in order to make improvements to their devices.

Curriculum Connections

Subject: Science and Technology
Unit: Understanding Structures and Mechanisms: Forces Acting on Structures and Mechanisms

  • Investigate forces that act on structures and mechanisms
  • Identify forces that act on and within structures and mechanisms, and describe the effects of these forces on structures and mechanisms

Grade 6

Program Features:

Visit our property and explore various examples of flight. Once students have had the opportunity to see how the environment and flight interact they will participate in an interactive activity. Students will build their own flight mechanism from various materials and then test their creation on our property.

Curriculum Connections

Subject: Science and Technology
Unit: Understanding Structures and Mechanisms: Flight

  • Investigate ways in which flying devices make use of properties of air
  • Explain ways in which properties of air can be applied to the principles of flight and flying devices

Unite: Understanding life systems: Biodiversity

  • Investigate the characteristics of living things, and classify diverse organisms according to specific characteristics

Grade 7

Program Features:

Students will see various examples of structural form and the forces that act on and within them during their site tour. They will investigate specific buildings to discover the relationship between both their design and function. Students will have the opportunity to design and build bridges and test them to determine how their structure and form affect their function.

Curriculum Connections

Subject: Science and Technology
Unit: Understanding Structures and Mechanisms: Form and Function

  • Design and construct a variety of structures, and investigate the relationship between the design and function of these structures and the forces that act on them
  • Demonstrate an understanding of the relationship between structural forms and the forces that act on and within them

Grade 8

Program Features:

Students will observe how hydraulics are used as a standard feature on modern farm machinery and how it is important to maintain these systems for safe and efficient operation. They will also develop a system that uses hydraulics to make the completion of a task easier.

Curriculum Connections

Subject: Science and Technology
Unit: Understanding Structures and Mechanisms: Systems in Action

  • Investigate a working system and the ways in which components of the system contribute to its desired function
  • Demonstrate an understanding of different types of systems and the factors that contribute to their safe and efficient operation

Contact Us

Contact our education department by phone at 905-878-8151 or toll free 888-307-3276, or email us at
info@countryheritagepark.com

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